Land-use and land-cover changes

impact on climate and air quality by Nicole Mölders

Publisher: Springer Verlag in Dordrecht, New York

Written in English
Published: Pages: 189 Downloads: 599
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Subjects:

  • Land cover,
  • Land use,
  • Environmental aspects

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references and index.

Other titlesLand use and land cover changes
StatementNicole Mölders
SeriesAtmospheric and oceanographic sciences library -- v. 44, Atmospheric and oceanographic sciences library -- v. 44.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsHD111 .M628 2012
The Physical Object
Paginationix, 189 p. :
Number of Pages189
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL25366902M
ISBN 109400715269, 9400715277
ISBN 109789400715264, 9789400715271
LC Control Number2011936018
OCLC/WorldCa731922005

changes in the pressures on land use and land cover that must be modelled through a more complete represen- tation of the relevant processes (Grimm et al., ). Land use and land cover change is driven by human actions and also drives changes that limit availability of products and services for human and livestock, and it can undermine environmental health as well. Land Use And Land Cover Changes Words | 8 Pages. Background of the study Land-use and land-cover changes (LULCC) induced by human and natural processes a major role in global as well as regional scale patterns of the climate and biogeochemistry of the earth system (Ramachandra et al., ).Now a day’s Global warming is highly increasing as a result of massive land-use and land-cover. Detecting and Modeling the Changes of Land Use and Land Cover for Land Use Planning in Da Nang City, Vietnam Erdsicht--Einblicke in geographische und geoinformationstechnische Arbeitsweisen Series, Book 24 Erdsicht--Einblicke in geographische und geoinformationstechnische Arbeitsweisen by Hoang Khanh Linh Nguyen Author Martin Kappas Other.

  Land use changes in urbanization, industrialization, and agricultural processes will continue to have negative impacts on water quality at all scales. The impact of land use changes on water quality is generally studied by analyzing the relationships between land use and water quality indicators. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to review and analyze the main relationships between Cited by: 2. This book offers a comprehensive review of current knowledge on how natural and anthropogenic land-use and cover changes affect weather, air quality and climate worldwide, and . As part of a research work, I am modelling Land Use/Land cover changes over the span of 4 decades on a 40 km² watershed in a rural area located in sahelian climate (west africa). This study was conducted to quantify the effect of population dynamics on land use/land cover (LU/LC) changes in Dera District, Ethiopia. Population data (, and ) and remote sensing data (Landsat 5 TM of and Landsat 7 ETM+ imagery ) were used. Global positioning system and topographical maps of scale , forCited by: 6.

  The major land use/cover changes in APTZ during – were conversions between cropland and grassland, and conversions between grassland and barren land (Wu et al ; figure 1(c) and table 2). Compared to changes in land use/cover types, changes in land surface biophysical parameters were much more remarkable (figure 3).Cited by: Back cover text reference: Land use and land cover (LULC) as well as its changes (LUCC) are an interplay between bio-geophysical characteristics of the landscape and climate as well as the complex human interaction including its different patterns of utilization superimposed on the natural vegetation. LULC is a core information layer for a variety of scientific and administrative tasks(e.g. Dr. Garik Gutman is Program Manager for the NASA Land-Cover/Land-Use Change (LCLUC) Program. He received his Ph.D. in Climate Modeling in , was a National Research Council of the National Academy of Sciences Fellow at National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and then worked there 14 years as a research scientist. There is a general lack of comprehensive data on the types and rates of land use and land cover change, and even less systematic evidence on the causes and consequences of these changes. On a global scale, the National Research Council identified land use dynamics as one of the grand challenges for environmental research. 8.

Land-use and land-cover changes by Nicole Mölders Download PDF EPUB FB2

This book deals with the relationship between land use and land cover: between human activities and the transformation of the Earth's surface. It describes the recent changes in the world's farmland, forests, grasslands and settlements, and the impacts of these changes Price: $ A Land Use/Land Cover Core Planning Project is now being developed under the HDP and the IGBP with B.L.

Turner and David Skole serving as cochairs. This research effort is designed to answer three questions: How has land cover been changed by human use over the past years. The book comprehensively reviews the current knowledge on how natural and anthropogenic land-use/cover changes affect weather, air quality and climate worldwide and explains how these changes may trigger further land-use/cover cturer: Springer.

Changes in land use and land cover are important drivers of water, soil and air pollution. Perhaps the oldest of these is land clearing for agriculture and the harvest of trees and other biomass. Vegetation removal leaves soils vulnerable to massive increases in soil erosion by wind and water, especially on steep terrain, and when File Size: KB.

Mapping land use/land cover (LULC) changes at regional scales is essential for a wide range of applications, including landslide, erosion, land planning, global warming etc.

LULC alterations (based especially on human activities), negatively effect the patterns of climate, the patterns of natural hazard and socio-economic dynamics in global and local by: With the understanding that driving forces of land use and land cover change interact in complex ways, two key underlying drivers of change will be given particular attention: (1) population, which determines the demand and pressure on land resources, and (2) climate, which affects the.

Wildfires, changing glaciers, deforestation, open-pit mining, increasing demands for food and bio-fuel production and the growth of megacities change our landscape.

The book comprehensively reviews the current knowledge on how natural and anthropogenic land-use/cover changes affect weather, airBrand: Springer Netherlands.

The second process is a change in the type of management on existing land cover (e.g., changes in irrigation, fertilizer use, crop type, harvesting practices, or impermeable surfaces).

Land use change related to management can occur without changing the extent of different land covers. Introduction. In addition to emissions of heat-trapping greenhouse gases from energy, industrial, agricultural, and other activities, humans also affect climate through changes in land use (activities taking place on land, like growing food, cutting trees, or building cities) and land cover (the physical characteristics of the land surface, including grain crops, trees, or concrete).

10 For. UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS LAND USE, LAND COVER AND SOIL SCIENCES – Vol. I - Land-Use, Land-Cover Changes and Biodiversity Loss - Helena Land-use and land-cover changes book ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) was estimated to be of % yr–1 (% yr–1 for the Mediterranean basin), substantially larger than the average world growth rate (% yr–1), and even larger than.

Land use and land cover change science were proposed to better understand the anthropic impacts on the earth systems through changes in land management and to observe such changes by satellite imagery, by studies of drivers and impacts and by modeling the processes of land change, looking to provide a better picture of the land transition.

This chapter provides an overview of land use and land cover change in Florida over the past years and a summary of how it may change in the future. We begin by providing a baseline description of Florida’s pre land cover, natural resource distribution, and biodiversity.

This is followed by aFile Size: 5MB. The book presents recent estimates of the rates in changes of major land classes such as forest, cropland and pasture. Among the causative mechanisms behind land change, synergetic factor combinations are found to be more common than single key factor explanations.

Mali land cover time series (,and ) Download land cover and graphs data Cropland area increased by a factor of over the year period, which is equivalent to an average annual increase of percent, or 1, sq km per year.

Land-use and land-cover changes refer to (quantitative) changes in the aerial extent (increases or decreases) of a given type of land use or land cover, respectively.

However, land-cover changes may result either from land conversion (a change fromFile Size: KB. The U.S. Geological Survey Land Cover Trends Project is releasing a – time-series land-use/land-cover dataset for the conterminous United States.

The dataset contains 5 dates of land-use/land-cover data for 2, sample blocks randomly selected within 84 ecological regions.

Land change modeling can account for complexity within dynamics of land use and land cover by linking with climactic, ecological, biogeochemical, biogeophysical and socioeconomic models. Additionally, LCMs are able to produce spatially explicit outcomes according to the type and complexity within the land system dynamics within the spatial extent.

The book presents recent estimates of the rates in changes of major land classes such as forest, cropland and pasture. Among the causative mechanisms behind land change, synergetic factor combinations are found to be more common than single key.

Rapid industrialization and urbanization have caused incessant change of land use and land cover (LULC) in Da Nang City. Linh Nguyen's study aims at detecting, quantifying, and characterizing the changes of LULC in the Da Nang City region by using multitemporal satellite images from to ; it further explores the effects of LULC changes.

The book comprehensively reviews the current knowledge on how natural and anthropogenic land-use/cover changes affect weather, air quality and climate worldwide and explains how these changes may trigger further land-use/cover changes.

The Earth's Changing Land: An Encyclopedia of Land Use and Land-Cover Change is an A-to-Z encyclopedia that addresses all aspects of the science of land-use change: Evidence of land-use and land-cover change over the last years, and how these changes impact the lives of people today.

Discussions of the models and techniques that scientists. The map classifies the land area of Maryland into 13 distinct types of land use (i.e. low to high density residential, commercial, industrial) or land cover (i.e. agriculture, forest) and is used by MDP other state agencies and public and private stakeholders to follow trends in land development and consumption of resource land over time.

The changes in land use and land cover aggravate land degradation. The land use and land cover change observed in the study area has a negative impact on both the environment and socio-economic settings.

Susceptibility to forest degradation is understood that the forest resources can be influenced or degraded by human by: 3. Excerpt. This volume focuses on research in which land use or land cover change is a key mediator of human-environment interactions, in which demographic variables figure prominently among the driving forces investigated, and in which efforts are made to investigate the causal mechanisms by which human population changes affect land use and environmental by: Land Use/Land cover change and soil erosion in Ethiopia.

Land use/land cover changes and land degradation are highly interrelated [67,68] because usually the changes are associated with deforestation, biodiversity loss and land degradation [69].

Land cover is one of the factors that determine the rate of soil loss due to : Bekele Tsegaye. This book compiles studies on interactions of land-cover and land-use change with climate in a region where warming is most pronounced.

Covers the latest satellite sensing combined with GIS, assesses current land-cover changes and potential future scenarios. Changes in Land Use Patterns: Significant spatial and temporal changes have been noted in the land use pattern in India. Though radical changes have occurred in all parts of India, the changes in agricultural land use are substantial in areas where the green revolution has been successful.

This book presents with the connection between land use and land cowl: between human actions and the transformation of the Earth's flooring. It describes the present modifications in the world's farmland, forests, grasslands and settlements, and the impacts of these modifications on.

Land use and land cover (LULC) change is a major issue of global environment change. Scientific research community called for substantive study of land use changes during the Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment, and again 20 years later, at the UnitedFile Size: KB.

Land use, land-use change, and forestry (LULUCF), also referred to as Forestry and other land use (FOLU), is defined by the United Nations Climate Change Secretariat as a "greenhouse gas inventory sector that covers emissions and removals of greenhouse gases resulting from direct human-induced land use such as settlements and commercial uses, land-use change, and forestry activities.".

04/01/ Call for book chapters on remote sensing of agriculture and land cover/land use changes in South/Southeast Asia Read More 03/28/ COVID Call for Proposal: Use of NASA Satellite Data to Address Environmental, Economic, and/or Societal Impacts of the COVID pandemic Read More.Analysis of Land Use/Land Cover Changes We used black and white panchromatic aerial photographs of &a multispectral SPOT image and a topographic map of the study area from Ethiopian Mapping Agency (EMA) to generate the LULC change for the three referenced periods ofand (Table 1).

These time periods File Size: 2MB.The Earth's Changing Land: An Encyclopedia of Land Use and Land-Cover Change is an A-to-Z encyclopedia that addresses all aspects of the science of land-use change: Evidence of land-use and land-cover change over the last years, and how these changes impact the lives of people today.

Discussions of the models and techniques that scientists.